Reed College | Humanities | Outline of Homer's Iliad

 

outline of the iliad

milsntoriess.gq dOUTLINE OF THE ILIAD Book 1 Homer calls upon the goddess of poetry and inspiration (the MUSE) to sing of Achilleus' anger. Chryses, priest of Apollo, comes to the Greek camp to ransom his daughter, Chryseis, held captive by Agamemnon. He is insulted and sent away, and Apollo sends a plague on the Greeks. Iliad - Outline of the Iliad. What happens in each of the 24 books of the Iliad by Homer. Nine years after the start of the Trojan War, the Greek (“Achaean”) army sacks Chryse, a town allied with Troy. During the battle, the Achaeans capture a pair of beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. Agamemnon, the leader of the Achaean forces, takes Chryseis as his prize, and Achilles, the.


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He is insulted and sent away, and Apollo sends a plague on outline of the iliad Greeks. Agamemnon reluctantly agrees to give her back, but demands compensation.

The goddess, Atheneprevents Achilleus from killing Agamemnon by promising that he will one day be compensated with three times as many prizes. He says he will not fight, and he asks her to persuade Zeus to make the battle outline of the iliad badly for the Greeks so they will see that they should not have dishonored him.

Meanwhile, Achilleus isolates himself from the other Greeks. Book 2 Zeus begins to fulfill his promise to Thetis to bring honor to Achilleus, outline of the iliad. First, he deceives Agamemnon with a dream that promises victory. Agamemnon calls the Greek leaders together to tell them his dream.

He proposes to test the soldiers by saying that they are going home. When he does this, the soldiers run for the ships; only Odysseus is able to rally them and shame them into staying. The Trojans arm to meet the Greeks, and Homer names their warriors and troops as well.

Book 3 Paris challenges Menelaos to a duel; Helen is to be awarded to the winner. Helen joins Priam on the walls of Troy and names the Greek warriors for him. Then, Priam goes to the battlefield to swear an oath with Agamemnon to respect the results of the duel. Menelaos and Paris fight, but Aphrodite snatches Paris away, deposits him in his bedroom, and brings Helen to him.

Hera angrily objects, and Zeus sends Athene to break the truce. Menelaos is wounded, the truce is broken and, as Agamemnon rallies the troops, fighting breaks out. After he wounds Aphrodite, Ares, the god of war, intervenes to help the Trojans. The goddesses, Hera and Athene, join in on the Greek side. Hektor returns to Troy to ask the Trojan women to make a sacrifice to Athene to win her pity.

He visits Helen and scolds his brother, Paris, for abandoning the battlefield. Book 7 Hektor proposes a duel with one of the Greeks, outline of the iliad. Aias is chosen by lot, but the duel ends in a draw as night falls. Both sides agree to a truce to bury the dead, and the Greeks fortify their camp. Book 8 The battle resumes. Zeus orders the gods to stay out, and the Trojans gain the advantage. At nightfall, Hektor persuades the Trojans to camp outside of the city in the hope of decisively defeating the Greeks the next day.

Book 9 The Greek leaders hold an assembly. Agamemnon proposes to go home, but Diomedes and Nestor dissuade him. The aged king, Nestor, convinces him to return Briseis to Achilleus and offer him gifts in reconciliation. Achilleus rejects their appeals. Book 10 Diomedes and Odysseus volunteer to spy on the Trojan camp.

They sneak into the Trojan camp, outline of the iliad, brutally murder Rhesos and twelve of his warriors, allies of the Trojans, and lead off their horses as spoils.

Book 11 When battle resumes, several prominent Outline of the iliad warriors are wounded and must leave the fighting. Achilleus watches and sends Patroklos to find out who was wounded. Nestor urges him to persuade Achilleus to return to battle or at least let Patroklos and his men fight for the Greeks. Books Hektor and the Trojans storm the fortifications surrounding the Greek camp. The wounded Greek warriors go back to the fighting.

Outline of the iliad seduces her husband, Zeusto distract him and allow Poseidon to continue helping the Greeks. As the Greeks rally, Hektor is wounded. Zeus wakes up and threatens the other gods, forcing them to stop helping the Greeks.

Then, Zeus outlines the future course of the battle and sends Apollo to revive Hektor. Hektor returns to the battle, drives the Greeks back to their ships, and tries to set the ships on fire. Achilleus warns him to return once he has driven the Trojans from the ships. The Trojans are routed, and Patroklos kills one of their great allies, Sarpedona mortal son of Zeus. Zeus is persuaded by Hera not to intervene to save his son.

He wants to join the battle, but Thetis reminds him that he has no armor. She promises to get new armor from Hephaistos, the smith of the gods. In the Greek camp, Achilleus mourns over Patroklos. Thetis asks Hephaistos to forge new armor for Achilleus, and Homer describes outline of the iliad elaborate decoration of the shield, outline of the iliad.

Book 19 Achilleus calls an assembly, puts aside his quarrel with Agamemnon, outline of the iliad, and announces his return to battle. Agamemnon blames Zeus for their quarrel, presents gifts to Achilleus, and returns Briseis to him.

They mourn for Patroklos, and Achilleus, who refuses to eat, is fed by the gods, outline of the iliad. Achilleus outline of the iliad the Greeks, and fights the Trojan hero, Aineias, son of Aphrodite, who is saved by the gods.

Book 21 Achilleus brutally slaughters many Trojans in the Xanthos river, and the rivers of Troy attempt to drown him. The gods rescue him, and battle one another, while Zeus looks on. The Trojans are routed and flee to the city, seeking protection within its outline of the iliad. Book 22 Priam and Hekabe, beg their son, outline of the iliad, Hektor, to return to the city, but he prepares to fight Achilleus.

Hektor panics and Achilleus chases him around the walls of Troy. Achilleus kills Hektor and abuses his body by hitching it to his chariot and dragging it around the walls of Troy. Book 23 Patroklos appears to Achilleus in a dream and urges him to hold a funeral for him so that his shade can enter Hades, the realm of the dead.

Book 24 The gods are outraged that Achilleus continues to mistreat the body of Hektor by dragging it around the Greek camp every day.

They decide that Priam must be allowed to ransom the body of his son. Instead, they exchange armor. Questions About Friendship Which type of friendship does the Iliad portray as more important: ritual friendship like that between Glaukos and Diomedes or informal friendship like that between Achilleus and Patroklos? Does the Iliad depict any other instances of friendship between gods and mortals? The Iliad portrays friendship as an especially enduring connection. Friendship is less important in the Iliad than anger and pride.

For most of the Iliad, we see less compassion and forgiveness than their opposites. For example, when Achilleus rejects the gifts Agamemnon is offering him to come back to the battle, he both refuses to forgive Agamemnon and displays no compassion for his fellow Achaians, who are getting slaughtered by the Trojans.

Things get outline of the iliad worse later on, when we see him killing guys who are trying to surrender Agamemnon and Menelaos do the same thing in Book 6and when he refuses to make any deal with Hektor, his enemy. You could even say that these ideas become all the more important the more we see them outline of the iliad. You be the judge.

In the Iliad, who are more compassionate, mortals or gods? Does the Iliad think compassion and forgiveness necessarily go hand-in-hand? Chew on This. Compassion and forgiveness are the most important themes in the Iliad.

Anger is the main obstacle to compassion and forgiveness in the Iliad The Iliad Theme of Competition If reputation and pride is what every warrior is after, then competition is the way to get it.

People in the Iliad compete in just about everything. Excelling on the battlefield is the most obvious way to get street cred, followed by success in athletics. But people also compete over things like speaking ability, prizes, and, of course, political authority, outline of the iliad.

One of the few times in the Iliad that someone wishes that someone else was better than them is when Hektor prays that his son will grow up to be a better warrior than him. Questions About Competition Which form of competition does the Iliad portray as most important? In the world of the Iliad, is it important for competition to be fair? Does the Iliad think success comes outline of the iliad from strength, skill, luck, or divine aid?

It is impossible to imagine the society of the Iliad without competition. The Iliad shows respect for characters who succeed in one field even if they fail in others. In fact, in Book 20, Hades, god of the underworld, is terrified that Poseidon will crack open a hole in the earth, and then everyone will see how gross it is down there. Because nobody looks forward to anything after death, they all try to get on with their lives — which usually means having as much fun and winning as much glory as possible.

None of this applies to the gods, of course, who are immortal. They pretty much party all the time. Questions About Mortality If the afterlife is so lousy, why do warriors in the Iliad keep risking their necks? Why do the immortal gods care so much about what goes on with mortals? Questions About Mortality. If the afterlife is so lousy, why do warriors in outline of the iliad Iliad keep risking their necks?

The Iliad Theme of Pride, outline of the iliad. In the warrior society of the Iliad, pride is what makes the world go round. Some possible exceptions are Patroklos, who rises to the defense of the Achaians out of a sense of compassion, and Priam, who acts out of love for his son.

 

 

outline of the iliad

 

milsntoriess.gq dOUTLINE OF THE ILIAD Book 1 Homer calls upon the goddess of poetry and inspiration (the MUSE) to sing of Achilleus' anger. Chryses, priest of Apollo, comes to the Greek camp to ransom his daughter, Chryseis, held captive by Agamemnon. He is insulted and sent away, and Apollo sends a plague on the Greeks. Outline of the Iliad: Book 1. A plague has struck the Achaean (Greek) camp brought on by Apollo, who can only be appeased with the return of Chryseis, daughter of a priest of Apollo, to her father. Nine years after the start of the Trojan War, the Greek (“Achaean”) army sacks Chryse, a town allied with Troy. During the battle, the Achaeans capture a pair of beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. Agamemnon, the leader of the Achaean forces, takes Chryseis as his prize, and Achilles, the.