FREE Sir Isaac Newton Essay

 

sir isaac newton essay

The Life and Times of Sir Isaac Newton Essay Words | 7 Pages. Sir Isaac Newton was born on January 4, (based on the Gregorian calendar) in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. Growing up, he was never really close to his parents because his biological father . - Sir Isaac Newton was born in England on December 25, during the time when studying motion was prevalent. He was known as one of the greatest mathematicians that ever lived. When Sir Isaac Newton matured he attended Free Grammar School and then later went on to Trinity College Cambridge. Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist and astronomer. Newton was one of the greatest scientific geniuses of all time. He formulated the basic laws of mechanics and gravitation and applied them to explain the workings of the solar system—to the satisfaction of scientists for more than two centuries.


Isaac Newton | Biography, Facts, Discoveries, Laws, & Inventions | milsntoriess.gq


Isaac Newtonin full Sir Isaac Newtonborn December 25, [January 4,New Style], Woolsthorpe, LincolnshireEngland—died March 20 [March 31],sir isaac newton essay, LondonEnglish physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific revolution of the 17th century. In sir isaac newton essayhis discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena of colours into the science of light and laid the foundation for modern physical optics.

In mechanicshis three laws of motionthe basic principles of modern physicsresulted in the formulation of the law of universal gravitation, sir isaac newton essay. In mathematicshe was the original discoverer of the infinitesimal calculus. Although Isaac Newton is well known for his discoveries in optics white light composition and mathematics calculusit is his formulation of the three laws of motion —the basic principles of modern physics—for which he is most famous.

His formulation of the laws of motion resulted in the law of universal gravitation. After interrupted attendance at the grammar school in Grantham, LincolnshireEnglandIsaac Newton finally settled down to prepare for university, going on to Trinity College, Cambridgeinsomewhat older than his classmates. Isaac Newton was born to a widowed mother his father died three months prior and was not expected to survive, being tiny and weak.

His laws of motion first appeared in this work. It is one of the most important single works in the history of modern science. Born in the hamlet of Woolsthorpe, Newton was the only son of a local yeomanalso Isaac Newton, who had died three months before, and of Hannah Ayscough. That same year, at Arcetri near Florence, Galileo Galilei had died; Newton would eventually pick up his idea of a mathematical science of motion and bring his work to full fruition. A tiny and weak baby, Newton was not expected to survive his first day of life, much less 84 years.

Deprived of a father before birth, he soon lost his mother as well, for within two years she married a second time; her husband, the well-to-do minister Barnabas Smith, sir isaac newton essay, left young Isaac with his grandmother and moved to a neighbouring village to raise a son and two daughters. For nine years, until the death of Barnabas Smith inIsaac was effectively separated from his mother, and his pronounced psychotic tendencies have been ascribed to this traumatic event.

That he hated his stepfather we may be sure, sir isaac newton essay. After his mother was widowed a second time, she determined that her first-born son should manage her now considerable property.

It quickly became apparent, however, that this would be a disaster, sir isaac newton essay, both for the estate and for Newton, sir isaac newton essay. He could not bring himself to concentrate on rural affairs—set to watch the cattle, he would curl up under a tree with a book. Fortunately, the mistake was recognized, and Newton was sent back to the grammar school in Granthamwhere he had already studied, to prepare for the university.

As with many of the leading scientists of the age, he left behind in Grantham anecdotes about his mechanical ability and his skill sir isaac newton essay building models of machines, such as clocks and windmills. At the school he apparently gained a firm command of Latin but probably sir isaac newton essay no more than a smattering of arithmetic. By Junehe was ready to matriculate at Trinity College, Cambridgesomewhat older than the other undergraduates because of his interrupted education.

When Newton arrived in Cambridge inthe movement sir isaac newton essay known as the scientific revolution was well advanced, and many of the works basic to modern science had appeared. Astronomers from Copernicus to Kepler had elaborated the heliocentric system of the universe, sir isaac newton essay. Galileo had proposed the foundations of a new mechanics built on the principle of inertia.

Led by Descartesphilosophers had begun to formulate a new conception of nature as an intricate, impersonal, sir isaac newton essay, and inert machine. Yet as far as the universities of Europe, including Cambridge, were concerned, all this might well have never happened. They continued to be the strongholds of outmoded Aristotelianismwhich rested on a geocentric view of the universe and dealt with nature in qualitative rather than quantitative terms.

Even though the new philosophy was not in the curriculum, it was in the air. He had thoroughly mastered the works of Descartes and had also discovered that the French philosopher Pierre Gassendi had revived atomisman alternative mechanical system to explain nature. Significantly, he had read Henry Morethe Sir isaac newton essay Platonist, and was thereby introduced to another intellectual world, the magical Hermetic tradition, which sought to explain natural phenomena in terms of alchemical and magical concepts.

The two traditions of natural philosophy, the mechanical and the Hermetic, antithetical though they appear, continued to influence his thought and in their tension supplied the fundamental theme of his scientific career. He then reached back for the support of classical geometry. Within little more than a year, he had mastered the literature; and, pursuing his own line of analysis, he began to move into new territory.

He discovered the binomial theoremand he developed the calculusa more powerful form of analysis that employs infinitesimal considerations in finding the slopes of curves and areas under curves. On his own, without formal guidance, he had sought out the new philosophy and the new mathematics and made them his own, but he had confined the progress of his studies to his notebooks. Then, inthe plague closed the university, and for most of the following two years he was forced to stay at his home, contemplating at leisure what he had learned.

It was during this time that he examined the elements of circular motion and, applying his analysis to the Moon and the planetsderived the inverse square relation that the radially directed force acting on a planet decreases with the square of its distance from the Sun —which was later crucial to the law of universal gravitation.

The world heard nothing of these discoveries. Isaac Newton. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Richard S. Top Questions. Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

 

Isaac Newton Essay | Bartleby

 

sir isaac newton essay

 

The Life and Times of Sir Isaac Newton Essay Words | 7 Pages. Sir Isaac Newton was born on January 4, (based on the Gregorian calendar) in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. Growing up, he was never really close to his parents because his biological father . - Sir Isaac Newton was born in England on December 25, during the time when studying motion was prevalent. He was known as one of the greatest mathematicians that ever lived. When Sir Isaac Newton matured he attended Free Grammar School and then later went on to Trinity College Cambridge. Sir Isaac Newton, an astronomer, mathematician, and a scientist is described to be "one of the greatest names in history of human thought." Newton, born on December 25, in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, was interested in creating mechanic toys as a young boy.